The Arctic is warming at twice the rate of the global average and the risks and opportunities that the current and expected impacts of climate change will play a major role in redefining and shaping Canada for the next century.
Investment in the Arctic globally is expected to be over $225bn over the next decade as climate change improves international shipping routes and marine-based accessibility to natural resources and tourism opportunities. This is a situation that will test Canada’s safety and security, it could change maritime trade routes and related international geopolitics, and it will challenge northern communities.
It is vital that research be used to support policy for and management of this new Arctic frontier in ways that ensure the establishment of a sustainable and prosperous Arctic Canada while also safeguarding northern ecosystems and respecting the rights and traditions of Indigenous northerners.
The Arctic Change cluster is headed by Jackie Dawson, Core Member of the ISSP, Canada Research Chair in Environment, Society and Policy, Associate Professor at the Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and ArcticNet’s scientific co-director at the University of Ottawa.
Researchers in the ISSP's Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Research Cluster focus on three overlapping, interdisciplinary, areas of research. First, they investigate the underlying social implications of AI and robotics, such as trust and accountability, to gain a deeper understanding of the issues at play.
Second, they work directly with engineers and computer scientists to develop engineering design practices that take ethical considerations into account in the design of AI and robotics.
Finally, they engage policymakers to work towards policies and governance structures that foster innovation while addressing key social issues that require attention. The ISSP is uniquely positioned to conduct this research with its membership representing faculty members from engineering, law, and the arts and social sciences.
The Artificial Intelligence and Robotics cluster is headed by Jason Millar, Core Member of the ISSP, Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in the Ethical Engineering of Robotics and AI and Assistant Professor, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Faculty of Engineering.
The ISSP Energy cluster uses the convening power of the university to bring together university experts and key decision-makers from industry, government, Indigenous communities, local communities and environmental organizations to determine how energy can be developed, transported and consumed in a way that garners public confidence and benefits society at large.
The flagship project of the Energy Research cluster is Positive Energy, which undertakes pragmatic, applied, solution-oriented research to find out what works, what doesn’t, and how various energy interests can seek and obtain broad social support for energy policies, regulation and individual energy projects and technologies.
Positive Energy's latest report, Canada’s Energy Future in an Age of Climate Change: How Partisanship, Polarization and Parochialism are Eroding Public Confidence, unpacks the core challenges and opportunities when it comes to building confidence in public authorities making decisions about Canada’s energy future in an age of climate change. The study also describes Positive Energy's research and engagement program for the next three years.
The Energy cluster is headed by Monica Gattinger, Director of the ISSP, Chair of Positive Energy and Full Professor at the School of Political Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences.
We live in a world where everything from the molecular make-up of the cell to the climate system of the planet to the way humans interact with each other has been altered by humans via innovation. The extent of the impacts of innovation on the physical and societal environment begs for a framework to guide the development and use of future innovations.
The activities of this cluster build on the extensive progress made within the responsible innovation framework—one which calls for including a diversity of human values, preferences and needs into decisions about innovations, preferably as they are first being developed.
They also account for the dynamic changes in which innovation occurs these days – the convergence of technological, organizational, social and institutional innovation, the opportunities for social inclusion and exclusion offered by innovations based on progress in digitization and behavioural sciences, and the increasing expectations global citizens have towards innovations that affect their lives and the planet.
The Inclusive Innovation cluster is co-headed by Kelly Bronson, Core Member of the ISSP, Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in Science and Society and Assistant Professor at the School of Sociological and Anthropological Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences.
The Inclusive Innovation cluster is co-headed by Sandra Schillo, Core Member of the ISSP and Associate Professor at The Telfer School of Management.
Security is one of the most foundational appeals in politics. Providing security is the primary function of the state with an ever-changing matrix as threats, vulnerabilities, and potential solutions constantly shift and evolve.
The dominant mode of thinking through security policies is risk management, understanding that environmental threats and vulnerabilities must be accepted, mitigated, deferred or rejected. Technologies can be force-multipliers that lead to effective and efficient policy responses and vectors of vulnerabilities themselves.
Because of the complexity of security politics and the complexity of technological solutions, good security policy requires serious, sustained and ethical analysis to ensure that democratic principles are honoured in our policy solutions.
The Risk, Technology and Security cluster is headed by Mark Salter, Core Member of the ISSP and Full Professor at the School of Political Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences.